James Powell & Sons (1834-1980)

Glass manufacturer producing tableware as well as stained glass windows. From 1919 the firm traded as Powell & Sons (Whitefriars) Ltd., London.

Stained glass by James Powell & Sons of the 1850s was in a fairly routine Gothic Revival style, prior to their use of designers including Augustus Bouvier, J.R. Clayton and Edward Burne-Jones in the late 1850s. Their relationships with designers such as Henry Holiday, H.E. Wooldridge and J.W. Brown were longer lasting and a Pre-Raphaelite strain of figure drawing persisted in their windows into the 1920s. Nonetheless, by working with a variety of designers, a degree of variety continued to be found in their stained glass.

Powell & Sons successfully modernised their style in the mid-twentieth century under the direction of artists such as E. Liddell Armitage and James Hogan. James Hogan died in 1948 and W.J. Wilson became managing director, with Carl Edwards as chief designer, although he resigned in 1950 to establish his own studio with Hugh Powell, a great-great-grandson of the founder of the firm. In the 1960s the firm became known for its work in dalle de verre (windows in slab glass and concrete), mainly designed by Pierre Fourmaintraux. Their stained glass studio closed in 1973 following the resignation of Alfred Fisher, and the rest of the firm closed down in 1980.

The firm's considerable archive is housed at the Victoria & Albert Museum Archive of Art & Design. This has allowed the identification and dating of most of their windows, as well as the attribution of the designs to individual artists who worked for the firm. A list of these works by Dennis Hadley was made available by NADFAS. Often windows incorporated designs, or parts of designs, by several designers, as designs and cartoons were reused over time. The contribution of these individual artists, usually noted in this catalogue as 'designer' should be treated with some caution.

Further reading

G. P. Hutchinson, ''Powells' the Whitefriars Studio' Journal of the British Society of Master Glass-Painters, vol. xiii, no. 1 (1959–60), 321–5.

William Waters, Angels & Icons: Pre-Raphaelite Stained Glass 1850–1870 (Abbots Morton: Serapim Press, 2012), pp. 248–67 and further references.




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Your search found 98 results.
  Noah and St John the Baptist Noah and St John the Baptist
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
designer: Augustus Jules Bouvier
1855
Church of St Peter and St Meugan, Ruthin, Denbighshire
north wall of the north aisle
  The Entombment and the Resurrection The Entombment and the Resurrection
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1860
Church of St Andoenus, Mounton, Monmouthshire
east wall of the chancel
The Assumption of the Virgin Mary
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
designer: J. H. Pollen
1863
Church of Our Lady of the Assumption, Rhyl, Denbighshire
over the main door
The Four Evangelists
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
designer: Henry Casolani
designer: Edward Poynter
1866
Church of St Silin, Llansilin, Powys
east wall of the south chancel
  The Crucifixion and Ascension The Crucifixion and Ascension
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
designer: Henry Casolani
about 1868
Church of All Saints, St Thomas, Swansea
south wall of the south aisle
  Christ with Children Brought by their Mothers and the Raising of Tabitha Christ with Children Brought by their Mothers and the Raising of Tabitha
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
about 1868
Church of All Saints, St Thomas, Swansea
south wall of the south aisle
  The Ascension with the Adoration of the Shepherds and the Resurrection The Ascension with the Adoration of the Shepherds and the Resurrection
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
designer: Harry Ellis Wooldridge
1869
Church of St Mary, Derwen, Denbighshire
south wall of the chancel
  St Michael St Michael
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
designer: Harry Ellis Wooldridge
1876
Priory Church of St Michael, Ewenny, Vale of Glamorgan
east wall of the presbytery
  Faith, Hope and Charity Faith, Hope and Charity
designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1880
Church of St Mary, Betws-y-coed, Conwy
north wall of the north aisle
  Jesus is Anointed and Suffer the Little Children Jesus is Anointed and Suffer the Little Children
Designer: Henry Holiday
firm/studio: James Powell & Sons
1882
Church of St Peter, Llandevaud, Newport
west wall




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